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Facts about tires and questions enswered






Regular and proper tire rotation promotes more uniform wear for all of the tires on a vehicle. We recommend tire rotation at least every 6,000 miles. Four-wheel-drive vehicles may require rotation even sooner, such as every 4,000 miles. Check your vehicle owner’s manual for the manufacturer’s rotation recommendations. If no rotation period is specified, tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles. The first rotation is the most important. When tires are rotated, inflation pressures must be adjusted to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations 

 

When the clothes clump in one spot of your washing machine during the spin cycle, the washer rocks wildly from the uneven weight distribution. This is what happens if each wheel and tire are not properly balanced. The result is an uncomfortable ride, the steering wheel will vibrate, and you’ll damage your tires and your suspension system as your tires bounce against the pavement. These problems can be easily prevented by having your tire retailer balance your wheel/tire assemblies when you buy new tires and when you have them rotated. It’s a worthwhile investment.

 

If a tire loses most of its air pressure, it must be removed from the wheel for a complete internal inspection to be sure it’s not damaged. Tires that are run even short distances while flat are often damaged beyond repair. Most punctures, nail holes or cuts up to 1/4 inch–confined to the tread–may be satisfactorily repaired by trained personnel using industry-approved methods. Don’t repair tires with tread punctures larger than 1/4 inch, or any sidewall puncture. Also, never repair tires which are worn below 1/16 inch tread depth. Make sure your spare tire is always ready to do the job. Check it regularly for proper air pressure and be sure that it is in good shape. If your car is equipped with one of the several types of temporary spares, be sure to check the spare tire’s sidewall for the correct inflation pressure, speed, and mileage limitations 

Tires age even if they have not been used or have only been used occasionally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall rubber, sometimes accompanied by carcass deformation, is evidence of aging. Old and aged tires must be checked by a tire specialist to ascertain their suitability for further use.

As a matter of fact, it is. The maximum load rating of your tires is stated on the tire sidewall Do not exceed these ratings. Tires which are loaded beyond their maximum allowable loads for the particular application will build up excessive heat that may result in sudden tire destruction. If you are replacing the original-size tires with tires of a different size, the replacement tires must have a load-carrying capacity equal to or greater than the original equipment tires. 

vibration while driving indicates that your vehicle has a problem that needs attention. The tires, steering system and suspension system should be IMMEDIATELY checked to help determine the possible cause of the vibration. If the vibration is not corrected, it could cause excessive tire and suspension wear. It could even lead to a loss of control of the vehicle, which could result in an accident.”

If you live in an area where the temperature is consistently below 10° C (45° F) you do. Winter tires are not like All-Season tires and have special rubber compounds designed to improve traction, handling, and braking in all cold weather conditions, not just ice and snow.

 

Four. This is the most frequently asked question. The answer is the same for every vehicle type, whether you drive a compact car or SUV.

 

Traction, control and safety. Many people assume that the two drive wheels are most important and the other two tires sort of tag along. This idea was valid twenty or more years ago when snow tires were different only in their tread design. Today’s winter tires have different compounds and designs that deliver from 25 to 50 percent more traction in snow and ice, and stay pliable in cold weather allowing for more control on dry roads. Using just two on a vehicle creates a traction mismatch that can have serious handling consequences. Using four winter tires ensures optimum traction and control for all vehicle types. It is always recommended to use four winter tires, it’s the cheapest insurance you can buy to protect yourself, your family and others. 

Running only two winter tires can cause you to lose control of any vehicle; here’s why: Front Wheel Drive Vehicles Even though steering, acceleration and most of the braking are done by the front wheels, don’t forget about the braking done by the rear wheels. If the rear wheels are not equipped with winter tires too, you are essentially disabling the rear brakes due to lack of traction. The following is what can happen using only winter tires on the front: Traveling along in your neighborhood at 25 mph in just light snow, you begin to slow down to make a right turn. As you apply the brakes, your winter tires are doing their job, giving you all the traction you need to slow down. At the same time, the all-season tires on the rear are giving you much less traction causing the rear of your vehicle to slide around. Perhaps at slow speeds no harm is done, but what if this had happened at highway speeds? Rear Wheel Drive Vehicles Many people think that winter tires on the rear will solve the acceleration problem in ice and snow and that’s good enough. But getting your vehicle to accelerate is just half the battle; you still need to stop! The majority of braking is done with the front brakes, and failing to put tires designed for cold weather on the front of the vehicle can have disastrous consequences. Also keep in mind that steering is the sole function of the front tires, with insufficient traction it’s like not being able to firmly grasp the steering wheel. How confident would you feel, now that you know this, if you were equipped with only rear winter tires, driving on snow, ice, or even cold pavement at 45 mph and you suddenly had to brake and swerve to avoid trouble? Chances are you could not stop and turn in time. All (or) Four Wheel Drive Vehicles During the winter would you purposefully disconnect your four-wheel drive and use just two wheel drive instead? Absolutely not. But that is exactly what you are doing if you use just two winter tires. The traction mismatch basically “disconnects†the two other wheels not equipped with winter tires. This leaves you open to the control problems cited in the other two sections, depending upon where you mount the winter tires.

 

Yes . Even though traction control optimizes the traction of your tires in adverse conditions by preventing wheel spin, this specialized system does not create additional tire traction. Traction always depends on the four contact patches created by the tires. The better traction your tires provide, the more effectively the traction control system will help you drive more safely. Cold temperatures will cause all-season compounds to harden, losing pliability and traction.

No. An ABS braking system prevents “locking-up” the brakes by “pulsing” them as you apply pressure to the pedal. But remember it is the tires on your vehicle that supply the traction and help the ABS deliver faster stops. Tires built with better winter traction will improve overall braking performance on ice, snow and cold roads.

Check Tire Pressure Regularly: Tire pressure should be checked whenever you suspect a problem or at a minimum, seasonally. Symptoms of improper tire pressure include excess wear and squealing when going around a corner (for under-inflated tires) and reduced traction (for over-inflated tires). Even the temperature can affect your tire pressure. Check your owner’s manual to find where they’ve posted the proper tire pressure (usually on one of the doors) and be sure to keep it at that level. An improperly inflated tire not only wears quicker, it can also be dangerous when stopping and can cause tread separation. You can purchase a tire-pressure gauge at your local auto parts store, use a gauge at the gas station or ask your tire dealer to check it for you.

If you’ve hit a pothole or scraped your tire on a curb, your wheels may have been thrown out of alignment. Symptoms of wheels that are out of alignment are excessive wear (one tire may wear more than the others) and steering problems. You may notice that your car veers to the side when you’re on a straight road or the car doesn’t steer properly in a turn. Unless you notice any of these symptoms, you should have your alignment checked annually.

In today’s marketplace, two wheel materials are most common, steel and aluminum. Steel wheels are made in two pieces; the inner piece (called the center) that bolts on to the car, and the barrel (or outer) which receives the tire. The two pieces are welded together to form the wheel. Most original equipment wheels are made this way, and so are many after market wheels-especially for trucks. Steel is a durable and less expensive material. The other material, aluminum, is by far the most popular type of wheel we sell. Its light weight, superior heat dissipation and seemingly endless design variations make it the material of choice for most buyers. Aluminum wheels can be manufactured in many ways, and each method offers advantages. . One-piece Cast Wheels A cast wheel is made by pouring molten aluminum into a mold; the metal then takes the mold’s shape as it cools and hardens. There are three types of casting methods, low pressure/gravity, counter pressure, and high counter



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